Psychiatry Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

The Effect of Family Factors on Intense Alcohol Use among European Adolescents: A Multilevel Analysis

Table 6

The results of multilevel analysis concerning affluence ( individuals: 53136; schools: 1344; countries: 25).

Model 0: empty modelModel 1: control variablesModel 2: affluenceModel 3: affluence
random slope
Model 4: country clusterModel 5: affluence × country cluster

Fixedexp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)
 Intercept.16 (.02)***.10 (.01)***.10 (.01)***.10 (.01)***.10 (.02)***.10 (.02)***
 Grade 8 (ref. grade 7).91 (.03)***.90 (.03)***.90 (.03)***.90 (.03)***.90 (.07)***
 Grade 9 (ref. grade 7)1.09 (.04)**1.07 (.04)*1.07 (.04)*1.06 (.04)1.06 (.03)
 Male (ref. female)1.43 (.04)***1.42 (.04)***1.42 (.04)***1.43 (.04)***1.43 (.03)***
 Native (ref. migrant)1.37 (.05)***1.32 (.05)***1.32 (.05)***1.31 (.05)***1.30 (.04)***
 Affluence1.17 (.02) ***1.18 (.04) ***1.18 (.04)***1.19 (.12)*
 Western Europe (ref.
 Northern Europe, NE)
1.54 (.38)1.45 (.26)
 Mediterranean countries
  (ref. NE)
.82 (.23).82 (.32)
 Postsocialist countries (ref.
 NE)
1.02 (.24)1.07 (.24)
 Affluence × Western Europe
  (ref. NE)
1.10 (.03)
 Affluence × Mediterranean
 countries (ref. NE)
.99 (.01)
 Affluence × Postsocialist
 countries (ref. NE)
.92 (.01)
Random
 Var. school.274.256.251.245.246.245
 Var. country.246.240.216.208.172.171
 Var. affluence.015.015.009
 Cor. affluence, intercept.025
LR test (2) = 1859*** (4) = 318 *** (1) = 103*** (2) = 26*** (3) = 5.4 ns (6) = 12.8*

*** ; ** ; * . Models 4 and 5 are compared to Model 3.