Psychiatry Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 7

Research Article

The Effect of Family Factors on Intense Alcohol Use among European Adolescents: A Multilevel Analysis

Table 7

The results of multilevel analysis concerning negative life events ( individuals: 52386; schools: 1344; countries: 25).

Model 0: empty modelModel 1: control variablesModel 2: negative life eventsModel 3: negative
life events
random slope
Model 4: country clusterModel 5: negative life events × country cluster

Fixedexp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)
 Intercept.16 (.02)***.10 (.01)***.10 (.01)***.10 (.01)***.11 (.02)***.09 (.02)***
 Grade 8 (ref. grade 7).91 (.03)***.90 (.03)***.90 (.03)***.90 (.03)***.90 (.07)***
 Grade 9 (ref. grade 7)1.09 (.04)**1.07 (.04)*1.07 (.04)*1.07 (.04)1.07 (.03)
 Male (ref. female)1.42 (.04)***1.48 (.04)***1.48 (.04)***1.48 (.04)***1.48 (.03)***
 Native (ref. migrant)1.36 (.05)***1.38 (.05)***1.38 (.05)***1.38 (.05)***1.38 (.04)***
 Negative life events1.25 (.02)***1.25 (.02)***1.26 (.02)***1.39 (.04)***
 Western Europe (ref.
 Northern Europe, NE)
1.33 (.32)1.55 (.27)
 Mediterranean countries (ref. NE).63 (.18).89 (.32)
 Postsocialist countries (ref. NE).67 (.16)1.06 (.25)
 Negative life events ×
 Western Europe (ref. NE)
.93 (.01)*
 Negative life events ×
 Mediterranean countries (ref. NE)
.86 (.01)***
 Negative life events × Postsocialist
 countries (ref. NE)
.82 (.01)***
Random
 Var. school.273.254.251.251.251.251
 Var. country.248.242.220.221.210.179
 Var. negative life events.004.004.001
 Cor. negative life events, intercept.128 −1.000
LR test (2) = 1833*** (4) = 305*** (1) = 358*** (2) = 11** (3) = 5.9 ns (6) = 34.2***

*** ; ** ; * . Models 4 and 5 are compared to Model 3.