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Psychiatry Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 654847, 5 pages
Research Article

The Relationship between the UPPS-P Impulsivity Dimensions and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Characteristics in Male and Female High-School Students

1Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven, P.O. Box 3720, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
2Psychology Department, University of Wisconsin Eau Claire, WI, USA

Received 16 December 2012; Accepted 9 January 2013

Academic Editor: Nicola Luigi Bragazzi

Copyright © 2013 Laurence Claes and Jennifer Muehlenkamp. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The present study investigated the association between nonsuicidal self-injury characteristics, functions, and the UPPS-P impulsivity-related traits in high-school students using self-report questionnaires. More than 17% of the 613 students engaged in at least one type of NSSI behavior. Compared to male students, female students engaged more often in cutting and less in head banging. All NSSI behaviors were significantly related to Negative and Positive Urgency, that is, the tendency to act impulsive in the presence of negative/positive affect. Interactions between different UPPS-P impulsivity dimensions did not increase the percentage of explained variance in the different NSSI behaviors. Furthermore, severe cutting was negatively related to Lack of Premeditation. Different NSSI functions showed differential relationships with the five UPPS-P impulsivity dimensions.