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Psychiatry Journal
Volume 2015, Article ID 627345, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/627345
Research Article

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Perceived Stigma among Patients with Epilepsy in Ethiopia

1Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

Received 18 May 2015; Revised 30 July 2015; Accepted 22 August 2015

Academic Editor: Veit Roessner

Copyright © 2015 Tolesa Fanta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Epilepsy stigma is considered to be one of the most important factors that have a negative influence on people with epilepsy. Among all types of stigma perceived stigma further exerts stress and restricts normal participation in society. Methods. Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 1, 2013, to May 30, 2013. All patients with epilepsy in Ethiopia were source population. The sample size was determined using single population proportion formula and 347 subjects were selected by using systematic random sampling method. Data was analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Results. A total of 346 participants with mean age of 29.3 ± 8.5 SD participated with a response rate of 99.7%. The prevalence of perceived stigma was 31.2%. Age range between 18 and 24 [AOR = 2.84, 95%CI: 1.02, 7.92], difficulty to attend follow-up because of stigma [AOR = 3.15, 95%CI: 1.19, 8.34], seizure related injury [AOR = 1.88, 95%CI: 1.12, 3.15], and contagion belief [AOR = 1.88, 95%CI: 1.10, 5.08] were significantly associated with perceived stigma. Conclusions. Perceived stigma was found to be a common problem among patients suffering from epilepsy. The results reinforce the need for creating awareness among patients with epilepsy and addressing misconceptions attached to epilepsy.