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Psychiatry Journal
Volume 2017, Article ID 5643136, 5 pages
Research Article

High Magnitude of Social Anxiety Disorder in School Adolescents

1Woldia Hospital, Woldia, Ethiopia
2Psychiatry Department, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
3Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
4Psychiatry Department, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
5College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
6Psychiatry Department, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia
7College of Health Sciences, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan-Tepi, Ethiopia
8Finote Selam Hospital, Finote Selam, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Amsalu Belete; moc.liamg@40ulasma

Received 20 October 2016; Revised 14 January 2017; Accepted 29 January 2017; Published 16 February 2017

Academic Editor: Arif Khan

Copyright © 2017 Kindie Mekuria et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Social phobia is the most prevalent and chronic type of anxiety disorder worldwide and it affects occupational, educational, and social affairs of the individual. Social phobia is also known for its association with depression and substance use disorder. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of social phobia among high school students in Ethiopia. Methods. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 386 randomly selected students. Data were collected using pretested and self-administered questionnaire. Social phobia was assessed by using Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). Logistic regression was used to analyze the data with 95% confidence interval and variables with value less than 0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Results. From 386 study participants, 106 (27.5%) of them were positive for social phobia. Being female (AOR = 3.1; 95% CI: 1.82–5.27), current alcohol drinking (AOR = 1.75; 95% CI: 1.03–2.98), poor social support (AOR = 2.40; 95% CI: 1.17–4.92), and living with single parent (AOR = 5.72; 95% CI: 2.98–10.99) were significantly associated with social phobia. Conclusion. The proportion of social phobia was higher compared to previous evidences. School-based youth-friendly mental health services might be helpful to tackle this problem.