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Psychiatry Journal
Volume 2018, Article ID 5762608, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5762608
Research Article

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression among Prisoners in Jimma Town Prison, South West Ethiopia

1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Mettu University, Ethiopia
2Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Ethiopia
3Department of Psychiatry, Faculty Medical Sciences, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Zakir Abdu; moc.liamg@54udbarikaz

Received 3 November 2017; Revised 15 January 2018; Accepted 18 April 2018; Published 19 June 2018

Academic Editor: Arif Khan

Copyright © 2018 Zakir Abdu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Mental disorder is one of the greatest challenges that current and future generations will face. Currently among all people suffering from depression, 85% of them live in low- and middle-income countries. Previous studies reported the global burden/prevalence of depression to be five to ten times higher among prisoners than the general population. However, the prevalence of depression among prisoners in our study area is not known. Objective. This study therefore aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among prisoners in Jimma town in 2017. Method. A cross-sectional study design was employed on 332 prisoners selected by systematic random sampling method. Data was collected by a face to face interview using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) scale. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 20. Result. The study revealed that 41.9% () of participants among prisoners had depression. Having family history of mental illness (AOR = 6.05, 95% CI = 2.6, 13.8), having chronic physical illness (AOR = 2.87, 95% CI = 1.29, 6.41), having history of previous incarceration (AOR = 3.26, 95% CI = 1.02, 10.64), lack of job in the prison (AOR = 4.96, 95% CI = 2.09, 11.8), lifetime alcohol use (AOR = 3.61, 95% CI = 1.8, 7.26), thinking life to be a difficult one after release from prison (AOR = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.2, 3.6), having age between 21 and 25 years (AOR = 2.04, 95% CI = 1.06, 3.89), and having poor social support (AOR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.27, 3.82) had significant association with depression in the fully adjusted final regression model. Conclusion. This study has shown that the prevalence of depression among prisoners was very high. Having family history of mental illness, having chronic physical illness, having previous incarceration, lack of job in prison, lifetime alcohol use, thinking life to be difficult one after release from prison, having age between 21 and 25 years old, and having poor social support were found to have an impact on the prevalence of depression.