Rehabilitation Research and Practice / 2011 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Effect of a Restraint Reduction Program on Physical Restraint Rates in Rehabilitation Settings in Hong Kong

Table 1

(a) Sample profile before intervention (I)

NonrestrainedRestrained
Mean/SDStudy site ( 𝑛 = 2 7 0 ) Control site ( 𝑛 = 1 4 2 ) P-value*Study site ( 𝑛 = 1 2 8 ) Control site ( 𝑛 = 6 ) P-value*

Age74.18/10.8854.69/17.36<0.00178.03/9.8869.67/14.430.16
MMSE18.64/6.4525.66/4.96<0.00112.71/6.3918.50/7.820.053
MBI14.30/5.0015.23/3.080.699.23/5.0511.33/3.980.221
Morse Fall Scale29.98/16.8020.77/15.37<0.00131.05/17.8520.00/18.710.085

MMSE: Mini-Mental State Examination; MBI: Morse Fall Scale.
(b) Sample profile before intervention (II)

NonrestrainedRestrained
%Study site ( 𝑛 = 2 7 0 ) Control site ( 𝑛 = 1 4 2 ) P-value*Study site ( 𝑛 = 1 2 8 ) Control site ( 𝑛 = 6 ) P-value*

GenderM52.640.10.01633.683.30.013
F47.459.966.416.7
Psychoactive drugYes1.92.10.8556.300.528
No98.197.993.8100
VisionNormal39.6430.51438.333.30.807
Impaired60.45761.766.7
HearingNormal84.188.70.280.883.30.862
Impaired15.911.319.216.7
History of fall in hospitalYes99.395.10.006100100N/A
No0.74.9 00 

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