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Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Volume 2014, Article ID 628518, 10 pages
Review Article

Whole Body Vibration Exercises and the Improvement of the Flexibility in Patient with Metabolic Syndrome

1Mestrado Profissional em Saúde, Medicina Laboratorial e Tecnologia Forense, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20950003 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
2Departamento de Biofísica e Biometria, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcantara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Avenida 28 de Setembro, 87 fundos, 4° Andar, Vila Isabel, 20551030 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
3Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20550170 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
4Departamento de Fisioterapia, Faculdade Maurício de Nassau/Aliança, 64049240 Teresina, PI, Brazil
5Programa de Pós-Graduação em Promoção da Saúde, Universidade Santa Cruz do Sul, 96815900 Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brazil
6Laboratório de Ultrassom Biomédico, Universidade Estácio de Sá, 20261063 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
7Laboratorio de Fisiología, Universidad Europea Miguel de Cervantes, Valladolid, 47012 Castile and León, Spain

Received 13 May 2014; Revised 9 August 2014; Accepted 10 August 2014; Published 3 September 2014

Academic Editor: Nam-Jong Paik

Copyright © 2014 Danúbia da Cunha Sá-Caputo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Vibrations produced in oscillating/vibratory platform generate whole body vibration (WBV) exercises, which are important in sports, as well as in treating diseases, promoting rehabilitation, and improving the quality of life. WBV exercises relevantly increase the muscle strength, muscle power, and the bone mineral density, as well as improving the postural control, the balance, and the gait. An important number of publications are found in the PubMed database with the keyword “flexibility” and eight of the analyzed papers involving WBV and flexibility reached a level of evidence II. The biggest distance between the third finger of the hand to the floor (DBTFF) of a patient with metabolic syndrome (MS) was found before the first session and was considered to be 100%. The percentages to the other measurements in the different sessions were determined to be related to the 100%. It is possible to see an immediate improvement after each session with a decrease of the %DBTFF. As the presence of MS is associated with poorer physical performance, a simple and safe protocol using WBV exercises promoted an improvement of the flexibility in a patient with MS.