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Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Volume 2014, Article ID 950183, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/950183
Clinical Study

A Pilot Project of Early Integrated Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation in Singapore

1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, 20 College Road, Academia Level 4, Singapore 169856
2Duke-National University of Singapore (NUS) Graduate Medical School, 8 College Road, Singapore 169857

Received 16 January 2014; Revised 27 March 2014; Accepted 28 April 2014; Published 21 May 2014

Academic Editor: Sarah Blanton

Copyright © 2014 Siew Kwaon Lui et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Document acute neurosurgical and rehabilitation parameters of patients of all traumatic brain injury (TBI) severities and determine whether early screening along with very early integrated TBI rehabilitation changes functional outcomes. Methods. Prospective study involving all patients with TBI admitted to a neurosurgical department of a tertiary hospital. They were assessed within 72 hours of admission by the rehabilitation team and received twice weekly rehabilitation reviews. Patients with further rehabilitation needs were then transferred to the attached acute inpatient TBI rehabilitation unit (TREATS) and their functional outcomes were compared against a historical group of patients. Demographic variables, acute neurosurgical characteristics, medical complications, and rehabilitation outcomes were recorded. Results. There were 298 patients screened with an average age of years. The most common etiology was falls (77.5%). Most patients were discharged home directly (67.4%) and 22.8% of patients were in TREATS. The TREATS group functionally improved ( ). Regression analysis showed by the intervention of TREATS, that there was a statistically significant FIM functional gain of 18.445 points (95% CI −30.388 to −0.6502, ). Conclusion. Our study demonstrated important epidemiological data on an unselected cohort of patients with TBI in Singapore and functional improvement in patients who further received inpatient rehabilitation.