Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 278979, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/278979
Research Article

The Canadian Cardiac Rehabilitation Registry: Inaugural Report on the Status of Cardiac Rehabilitation in Canada

1School of Kinesiology and Health Science, Faculty of Health, York University, Bethune 368, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3
2GoodLife Fitness Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Unit, University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital, 8e-402, Toronto, ON, Canada M5T 2S8
3School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Queen’s University, 31 George Street, Louise D. Acton Building, Room 208 CEC, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6
4Canadian Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 1390 Taylor Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3M 3V8
5Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke Street West, SP 165-35, Montreal, QC, Canada H4B 1R6
6J-135 Centre de Réadaptation Jean-Jacques Gauthier, Hopital du Sacre-Coeur de Montreal, 5400 Boulevard Gouin Ouest, Montreal, QC, Canada H4J 1C5

Received 29 April 2015; Revised 16 July 2015; Accepted 22 July 2015

Academic Editor: Francesco Giallauria

Copyright © 2015 Sherry L. Grace et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Mendis, P. Puska, and B. Norrving, Global Atlas on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Control, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241564373_eng.pdf.
  2. J. A. Stone, H. M. Arthur, C. J. Arnold et al., Canadian Guidelines for Cardiac Rehabilitation and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: Enhancing the Science, Refining the Art, edited by: J. A. Stone, H. M. Arthur, Canadian Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation, Winnipeg, Canada, 3rd edition, 2009.
  3. B. S. Heran, J. M. Chen, S. Ebrahim et al., “Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for coronary heart disease,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 7, Article ID CD001800, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. S. L. Grace, Y. Tan, L. Marcus et al., “Perceptions of cardiac rehabilitation patients, specialists and rehabilitation programs regarding cardiac rehabilitation wait times,” BMC Health Services Research, vol. 12, article 259, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. R. Bajaj, S. G. Goodman, R. T. Yan et al., “Treatment and outcomes of patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes in relation to initial diagnostic impressions (insights from the Canadian global registry of acute coronary events [GRACE] and Canadian registry of acute coronary events [CANRACE]),” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 202–207, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. F. Ellison, “Measuring the effect of including multiple cancers in survival analyses using data from the Canadian Cancer Registry,” Cancer Epidemiology, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 550–555, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Fang, M. K. Kapral, J. Richards, A. Robertson, M. Stamplecoski, and F. L. Silver, “The registry of Canadian stroke network: an evolving methodology,” Acta Neurologica Taiwanica, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 77–84, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  8. T. Swabey, N. Suskin, H. M. Arthur, and J. Ross, “The Ontario cardiac rehabilitation pilot project,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 957–961, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  9. CHHS-AP Steering Committee, The Canadian Heart Health Strategy and Action Plan: Building a Heart Healthy Canada, Minister of Health, Ottawa, Canada, 2009, http://www.waittimealliance.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/CCS-Building-a-Heart-Healthy-Canada.pdf.
  10. Canadian Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, “CCRR Data Access Process,” 2013, http://www.cacr.ca/resources/DAP.cfm.
  11. R. A. Bruce, F. Kusumi, and D. Hosmer, “Maximal oxygen intake and nomographic assessment of functional aerobic impairment in cardiovascular disease,” American Heart Journal, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 546–562, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. J. Anderson, J. Grégoire, R. A. Hegele et al., “2012 update of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of dyslipidemia for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in the adult,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 151–167, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. S. Zigmond and R. P. Snaith, “The hospital anxiety and depression scale,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 361–370, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. T. Beck, C. H. Ward, M. Mendelson, J. Mock, and J. Erbaugh, “An inventory for measuring depression,” Archives of general psychiatry, vol. 4, pp. 561–571, 1961. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. D. Hays, C. D. Sherbourne, and R. Mazel, User's Manual for the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Core Measures of Health-Related Quality of Life, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, Calif, USA, 1995, http://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR162.
  16. World Health Organization, Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry, WHO Technical Report Series, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1995.
  17. Hypertension Canada, Canadian Hypertension Education Program Recommendations for Diagnosis, 2014, http://www.hypertension.ca/en/professional/chep/diagnosis-measurement/criteria-for-diagnosis-a-recommendations-for-follow-up.
  18. S. M. Grundy, J. I. Cleeman, S. R. Daniels et al., “Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome: an American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute scientific statement,” Circulation, vol. 112, no. 17, pp. 2735–2752, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W. Dafoe, H. Arthur, H. Stokes, L. Morrin, and L. Beaton, “Universal access: but when? Treating the right patient at the right time: access to cardiac rehabilitation,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 905–911, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Brual, S. Gravely-Witte, N. Suskin, D. E. Stewart, A. Macpherson, and S. L. Grace, “Drive time to cardiac rehabilitation: at what point does it affect utilization?” International Journal of Health Geographics, vol. 9, article 27, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. L. Grace, P. Poirier, C. M. Norris, G. H. Oakes, D. S. Somanader, and N. Suskin, “Pan-Canadian development of cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention quality indicators,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 945–948, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. Collins, N. Suskin, S. Aggarwal, and S. L. Grace, “Cardiac rehabilitation wait times and relation to patient outcomes,” European Journal of Physical Medicine, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 301–309, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  23. S. L. Grace, Y. W. Leung, R. Reid, P. Oh, G. Wu, and D. A. Alter, “The role of systematic inpatient cardiac rehabilitation referral in increasing equitable access and utilization,” Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 41–47, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. L. Samayoa, A. Mola, C. Terzic, R. Thomas, and S. L. Grace, “Ethnocultural diversity in cardiac rehabilitation: a call to action,” Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation & Prevention, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 437–444, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. J. Perk, G. De Backer, H. Gohlke et al., “European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice (version 2012): the fifth joint task force of the European society of cardiology and other societies on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice,” International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 403–488, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. P. A. Ades, P. D. Savage, and J. Harvey-Berino, “The treatment of obesity in cardiac rehabilitation,” Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 289–298, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. P. D. Savage, M. Brochu, E. T. Poehlman, and P. A. Ades, “Reduction in obesity and coronary risk factors after high caloric exercise training in overweight coronary patients,” American Heart Journal, vol. 146, no. 2, pp. 317–323, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. Kavanagh, D. J. Mertens, L. F. Hamm et al., “Prediction of long-term prognosis in 12 169 men referred for cardiac rehabilitation,” Circulation, vol. 106, no. 6, pp. 666–671, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. J. Myers, M. Prakash, V. Froelicher, D. Do, S. Partington, and J. E. Atwood, “Exercise capacity and mortality among men referred for exercise testing,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 346, no. 11, pp. 793–801, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. A. Jolliffe, K. Rees, R. S. Taylor, D. Thompson, N. Oldridge, and S. Ebrahim, “Exercise-based rehabilitation for coronary heart disease,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol. 1, Article ID CD001800, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. Niebauer, K. Mayr, H. Harpf et al., “Long-term effects of outpatient cardiac rehabilitation in Austria: a nationwide registry,” Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, vol. 126, no. 5-6, pp. 148–155, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. D. Faris, F. C. Grant, P. D. Galbraith, Y. Gong, and W. A. Ghali, “Diagnostic cardiac catheterization and revascularization rates for coronary heart disease,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 391–397, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus