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Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 482378, 7 pages
Research Article

Psychometric Properties of the Hindi Version of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand: A Pilot Study

1School of Physical Therapy, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, USA
2Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, USA
3Shree Swaminarayan College of Physiotherapy, Surat, India
4School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
5Department of Surgery, Surgical Outcomes Research Center, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Received 27 July 2015; Revised 23 September 2015; Accepted 4 October 2015

Academic Editor: Eric Kerckhofs

Copyright © 2015 Saurabh P. Mehta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objectives. To culturally adapt and translate the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire into Hindi (DASH-H) and assess its reliability, validity, and responsiveness in adult patients with shoulder tendonitis. Study Design. Descriptive methodological research, using longitudinal design. Setting. Outpatient clinic. Participants. 30 adult patients aged 53.3 ± 6.9 y with shoulder tendonitis. Data Analyses. DASH-H, visual analogue scales for pain (VAS-P) and disability (VAS-D), and shoulder active range of motion (AROM) were assessed at baseline, 2-3 days later, and 4-5 weeks after baseline. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) assessed test-retest reliability of these scales and responsiveness was examined by calculating effect sizes (ES) and standardized response means (SRM). Cronbach’s alpha (CA) was used to examine internal consistency of DASH-H. Convergent construct validity of DASH-H with VAS scales and shoulder AROM was determined using Pearson’s Correlation Coefficients (). Results. DASH-H demonstrated good test-retest reliability and internal consistency (ICC and CA both > 0.75) and excellent responsiveness (ES = 2.2, SRM = 6.1). DASH-H showed high concordance (, ) with AROM-flexion and moderate concordance (, ) with VAS scales and AROM-external rotation. Conclusion. Analyses indicate that DASH-H demonstrates good test-retest reliability, validity, and responsiveness in patients with shoulder tendonitis.