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Radiology Research and Practice
Volume 2011, Article ID 160867, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/160867
Review Article

Interventional Radiology and the Care of the Oncology Patient

Department of Radiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Received 30 October 2010; Accepted 27 January 2011

Academic Editor: Paul E. Kinahan

Copyright © 2011 Siobhan B. O'Neill et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Interventional Radiology (IR) is occupying an increasingly prominent role in the care of patients with cancer, with involvement from initial diagnosis, right through to minimally invasive treatment of the malignancy and its complications. Adequate diagnostic samples can be obtained under image guidance by percutaneous biopsy and needle aspiration in an accurate and minimally invasive manner. IR techniques may be used to place central venous access devices with well-established safety and efficacy. Therapeutic applications of IR in the oncology patient include local tumour treatments such as transarterial chemo-embolisation and radiofrequency ablation, as well as management of complications of malignancy such as pain, organ obstruction, and venous thrombosis.