Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Radiology Research and Practice
Volume 2015, Article ID 181958, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/181958
Review Article

Congenital Extrahepatic Portosystemic Shunts: Spectrum of Findings on Ultrasound, Computed Tomography, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

1Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh 160012, India
2Pediatric Gastroenterology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh 160012, India

Received 9 September 2015; Accepted 15 November 2015

Academic Editor: Henrique M. Lederman

Copyright © 2015 Pankaj Gupta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. A. Konstas, S. R. Digumarthy, L. L. Avery et al., “Congenital portosystemic shunts: imaging findings and clinical presentations in 11 patients,” European Journal of Radiology, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 175–181, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. Morgan and R. Superina, “Congenital absence of the portal vein: two cases and a proposed classification system for portosystemic vascular anomalies,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1239–1241, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. B. Lautz, N. Tantemsapya, E. Rowell, and R. A. Superina, “Management and classification of type II congenital portosystemic shunts,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 308–314, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Kandpal, R. Sharma, N. K. Arora, and S. D. Gupta, “Congenital extrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt: imaging features,” Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 48, no. 9, pp. e258–e261, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. P. Murray, S.-J. Yoo, and P. S. Babyn, “Congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts,” Pediatric Radiology, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 614–620, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. S. Woodle, J. R. Thistlethwaite, J. C. Emond et al., “Successful hepatic transplantation in congenital absence of recipient portal vein,” Surgery, vol. 107, no. 4, pp. 475–479, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G.-H. Hu, L.-G. Shen, J. Yang, J.-H. Mei, and Y.-F. Zhu, “Insight into congenital absence of the portal vein: is it rare?” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 14, no. 39, pp. 5969–5979, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. Alonso-Gamarra, M. Parrón, A. Pérez, C. Prieto, L. Hierro, and M. López-Santamaría, “Clinical and radiologic manifestations of congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts: a comprehensive review,” Radiographics, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 707–723, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. W. W. Meyer and J. Lind, “The ductus venosus and the mechanism of its closure,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 41, no. 220, pp. 597–605, 1966. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. R. Howard and M. Davenport, “Congenital extrahepatic portocaval shunts—the Abernethy malformation,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 494–497, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. D. Stringer, “The clinical anatomy of congenital portosystemic venous shunts,” Clinical Anatomy, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 147–157, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. S. Loomba, M. Frommelt, D. Moe, and A. J. Shillingford, “Agenesis of the venous duct: two cases of extrahepatic drainage of the umbilical vein and extrahepatic portosystemic shunt with a review of the literature,” Cardiology in the Young, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 208–217, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. Grazioli, D. Alberti, L. Olivetti et al., “Congenital absence of portal vein with nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver,” European Radiology, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 820–825, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. E. Arana, L. Martí-Bonmatí, V. Martínez, M. Hoyos, and H. Montes, “Portal vein absence and nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver with giant inferior mesenteric vein,” Abdominal Imaging, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 506–508, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Kawano, S. Hasegawa, N. Urushihara et al., “Hepatoblastoma with congenital absence of the portal vein—a case report,” European Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 292–294, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Caturelli, G. Ghittoni, T. V. Ranalli, and V. V. Gomes, “Nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver: coral atoll-like lesions on ultrasound are characteristic in predisposed patients,” British Journal of Radiology, vol. 84, no. 1003, pp. e129–e134, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. Bartolozzi and R. Lencioni, “Contrast-specific ultrasound imaging of focal liver lesions. Prologue to a promising future,” European Radiology, vol. 11, supplement 3, pp. E13–E14, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Vajro, L. Celentano, F. Manguso et al., “Per-rectal portal scintigraphy is complementary to ultrasonography and endoscopy in the assessment of portal hypertension in children with chronic cholestasis,” Journal of Nuclear Medicine, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 1705–1711, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. O. Bernard, S. Franchi-Abella, S. Branchereau, D. Pariente, F. Gauthier, and E. Jacquemin, “Congenital portosystemic shunts in children: recognition, evaluation, and management,” Seminars in Liver Disease, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 273–287, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. Blanc, F. Guerin, S. Franchi-Abella et al., “Congenital portosystemic shunts in children: a new anatomical classification correlated with surgical strategy,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 260, no. 1, pp. 188–198, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus