Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Radiology Research and Practice
Volume 2015, Article ID 613139, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/613139
Review Article

Fat Necrosis of the Breast: A Pictorial Review of the Mammographic, Ultrasound, CT, and MRI Findings with Histopathologic Correlation

1Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
2Departments of Pathology and Urology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA
3Department of Radiology, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN 37208, USA
4Department of Radiology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA

Received 2 October 2014; Accepted 27 January 2015

Academic Editor: Henrique M. Lederman

Copyright © 2015 William D. Kerridge et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. H. Tan, L. M. Lai, E. V. Carrington et al., “Fat necrosis of the breast—a review,” The Breast, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 313–318, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. D. Haagensen, “Diseases of the female breast,” Transactions of the New England Obstetrical and Gynecological Society, vol. 10, pp. 141–156, 1956. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. P. Hogge, R. E. Robinson, C. M. Magnant, and R. A. Zuurbier, “The mammographic spectrum of fat necrosis of the breast,” RadioGraphics, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 1347–1356, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. J. Lee and J. T. Munzer, “Fat necrosis of the female breast and its differentiation from carcinoma,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 37, pp. 188–195, 1920. View at Google Scholar
  5. A. M. Pullyblank, J. D. Davies, J. Basten, and Z. Rayter, “Fat necrosis of the female breast—Hadfield re-visited,” Breast, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 388–391, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. E. Adair and J. T. Munzer, “Fat necrosis of the female breast. Report of one hundred ten cases,” The American Journal of Surgery, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 117–128, 1947. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. J. Poppiti Jr., M. Margulies, B. Cabello, and A. M. Rywlin, “Membranous fat necrosis,” The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 62–69, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. V. Martinez and J. G. Azzopardi, “Invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast: incidence and variants,” Histopathology, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 467–488, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. G. Gatta, A. Pinto, S. Romano, A. Ancona, M. Scaglione, and L. Volterrani, “Clinical, mammographic and ultrasonographic features of blunt breast trauma,” European Journal of Radiology, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 327–330, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. E. Baber and H. I. Libshitz, “Bilateral fat necrosis of the breast following reduction mammoplasties,” The American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 128, no. 3, pp. 508–509, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. W. Bassett, R. H. Gold, and H. C. Cove, “Mammographic spectrum of traumatic fat necrosis: the fallibility of ‘pathognomonic’ signs of carcinoma,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 130, no. 1, pp. 119–122, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. Fernandes Chala, N. de Barros, P. de Camargo Moraes et al., “Fat necrosis of the breast: mammographic, sonographic, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging findings,” Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 106–126, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. H. Tan, L. M. Lai, E. V. Carrington et al., “Fat necrosis of the breast—a review,” Breast, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 313–318, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I. G. Bilgen, E. E. Ustun, and A. Memis, “Fat necrosis of the breast: clinical, mammographic and sonographic features,” European Journal of Radiology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 92–99, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. L. Taboada, T. W. Stephens, S. Krishnamurthy, K. R. Brandt, and G. J. Whitman, “The many faces of fat necrosis in the breast,” The American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 192, no. 3, pp. 815–825, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. Adrada, Y. Wu, and W. Yang, “Hyperechoic lesions of the breast: radiologic-histopathologic correlation,” The American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 200, no. 5, pp. W518–W530, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. P. Daly, B. Jaeger, and D. S. Sill, “Pictorial essay: variable appearances of fat necrosis on breast MRI,” The American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 191, no. 5, pp. 1374–1380, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. M. Trimboli, L. A. Carbonaro, F. Cartia, G. Di Leo, and F. Sardanelli, “MRI of fat necrosis of the breast: the ‘black hole’ sign at short tau inversion recovery,” European Journal of Radiology, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. e573–e579, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. M. Adejolu, L. Huo, E. Rohren, L. Santiago, and W. T. Yang, “False-positive lesions mimicking breast cancer on FDG PET and PET/CT,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 198, no. 3, pp. W304–W314, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN), NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. Breast Cancer, BINV1–14; IBC1; M532, NCCN, 2011.
  21. N. B. Dobbs and H. R. Latifi, “Diffuse FDG uptake due to fat necrosis following transverse rectus abdominus myocutaneous (TRAM) flap reconstruction,” Clinical Nuclear Medicine, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 652–654, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus