Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Scanning
Volume 2017, Article ID 5067867, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5067867
Research Article

Effect of Red Light-Emitting Diodes Irradiation on Hemoglobin for Potential Hypertension Treatment Based on Confocal Micro-Raman Spectroscopy

1MOE Key Laboratory of Laser Life Science & SATCM Third Grade Laboratory of Chinese Medicine and Photonics Technology, College of Biophotonics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China
2Guzhen Productivity Promotion Center, Zhongshan, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhengfei Zhuang; nc.ude.uncs@fzgnauhz and Zhouyi Guo; nc.ude.uncs@nna

Received 19 July 2016; Revised 17 October 2016; Accepted 23 October 2016; Published 12 January 2017

Academic Editor: Alessio Morelli

Copyright © 2017 Xuejun Qiu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. M. Kearney, M. Whelton, K. Reynolds, P. Muntner, P. K. Whelton, and J. He, “Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data,” The Lancet, vol. 365, no. 9455, pp. 217–223, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Eurosurveillance Editorial Team, “WHO launches the World Health Statistics,” Eurosurveillance, vol. 17, no. 20, p. 15, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. R. Sowers, M. Epstein, and E. D. Frohlich, “Diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease: an update,” Hypertension, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 1053–1059, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. Dahlöf, R. B. Devereux, S. E. Kjeldsen et al., “Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the losartan intervention for endpoint reduction in hypertension study (LIFE): a randomised trial against atenolol,” The Lancet, vol. 359, no. 9311, pp. 995–1003, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. E. Kjeldsen, S. Julius, T. Hedner, and L. Hansson, “Stroke is more common than myocardial infarction in hypertension: analysis based on 11 major randomized intervention trials,” Blood Pressure, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 190–192, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Laurent, S. Katsahian, C. Fassot et al., “Aortic stiffness is an independent predictor of fatal stroke in essential hypertension,” Stroke, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1203–1206, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. Agarwal and M. J. Andersen, “Correlates of systolic hypertension in patients with chronic kidney disease,” Hypertension, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 514–520, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. A. Sarafidis, S. Li, S.-C. Chen et al., “Hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in chronic kidney disease,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 121, no. 4, pp. 332–340, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. V. Petkov, W. Mosgoeller, R. Ziesche et al., “Vasoactive intestinal peptide as a new drug for treatment of primary pulmonary hypertension,” Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 111, no. 9, pp. 1339–1346, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. Seifie-Makrani, N. Sajjadi, O. Younesi, and H. Bagheri, “A new strategy for determination of captopril as a hypertension drug using zno nanoparticle modified carbon paste electrode,” International Journal of Electrochemical Science, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1799–1811, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. Riegel, L. B. Moreira, S. C. Fuchs et al., “Long-term effectiveness of non-drug recommendations to treat hypertension in a clinical setting,” American Journal of Hypertension, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 1202–1208, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. S. Sainani, “Non-drug therapy in prevention and control of hypertension,” Journal of Association of Physicians of India, vol. 51, pp. 1001–1006, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. P. Lifton, A. G. Gharavi, and D. S. Geller, “Molecular mechanisms of human hypertension,” Cell, vol. 104, no. 4, pp. 545–556, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Shimizu, M. Nakazato, T. Sekita et al., “Association between the hemoglobin levels and hypertension in relation to the BMI status in a rural Japanese population: The Nagasaki Islands Study,” Internal Medicine, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 435–440, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. Anand, J. J. V. McMurray, M. Warren et al., “Anemia and its relationship to clinical outcome in heart failure,” Circulation, vol. 110, no. 2, pp. 149–154, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Lipšic, I. C. C. van der Horst, A. A. Voors et al., “Hemoglobin levels and 30-day mortality in patients after myocardial infarction,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 289–292, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G.-Y. Luo, L. Sun, and T. C.-Y. Liu, “Aquaporin-1-mediated effects of low level He-Ne laser irradiation on human erythrocytes,” International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2012, Article ID 275209, 5 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. De Souza Da Fonseca, G. A. Presta, M. Geller, F. De Paoli, and S. S. Valença, “Low-intensity infrared laser increases plasma proteins and induces oxidative stress in vitro,” Lasers in Medical Science, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 211–217, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. M. Saied, R. M. Kamel, A. M. Labib, M. T. Said, and A. Z. Mohamed, “The diabetic foot and leg: Combined He-Ne and infrared low-intensity lasers improve skin blood perfusion and prevent potential complications. A prospective study on 30 Egyptian patients,” Lasers in Medical Science, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 627–632, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. C. Núñez, G. E. C. Nogueira, M. S. Ribeiro, A. S. Garcez, and J. L. Lage-Marques, “He-Ne laser effects on blood microcirculation during wound healing: a method of in vivo study through laser Doppler flowmetry,” Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 363–368, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Gulsoy, G. H. Ozer, O. Bozkulak et al., “The biological effects of 632.8-nm low energy He-Ne laser on peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 199–202, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Tridente and D. De Luca, “Efficacy of light-emitting diode versus other light sources for treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Acta Paediatrica, vol. 101, no. 5, pp. 458–465, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. A. Naeser and M. R. Hamblin, “Potential for transcranial laser or LED therapy to treat stroke, traumatic brain injury, and neurodegenerative disease,” Photomedicine and Laser Surgery, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 443–446, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. Barolet, “Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in dermatology,” Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 227–238, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. Weiss, D. McDaniel, R. Geronemus et al., “Clinical experience with Light‐Emitting Diode (LED) photomodulation,” Dermatologic Surgery, vol. 31, no. 3, supplement, pp. 1199–1205, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  26. P. Lemler, W. R. Premasiri, A. DelMonaco, and L. D. Ziegler, “NIR Raman spectra of whole human blood: effects of laser-induced and in vitro hemoglobin denaturation,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 406, no. 1, pp. 193–200, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Zhuo, L. Zheng, J. Chen, S. Xie, X. Zhu, and X. Jiang, “Depth-cumulated epithelial redox ratio and stromal collagen quantity as quantitative intrinsic indicators for differentiating normal, inflammatory, and dysplastic epithelial tissues,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 97, no. 17, Article ID 173701, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Zhuo, J. Chen, G. Wu et al., “Quantitatively linking collagen alteration and epithelial tumor progression by second harmonic generation microscopy,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 96, no. 21, Article ID 213704, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. Z. Zhuang, N. Li, Z. Guo, M. Zhu, K. Xiong, and S. Chen, “Study of molecule variations in renal tumor based on confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, vol. 18, no. 3, Article ID 031103, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. N. Li, S. X. Li, Z. Y. Guo et al., “Micro-Raman spectroscopy study of the effect of Mid-Ultraviolet radiation on erythrocyte membrane,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, vol. 112, pp. 37–42, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. B. R. Wood, P. Caspers, G. J. Puppels, S. Pandiancherri, and D. McNaughton, “Resonance Raman spectroscopy of red blood cells using near-infrared laser excitation,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 387, no. 5, pp. 1691–1703, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. B. R. Wood, B. Tait, and D. McNaughton, “Micro-Raman characterisation of the R to T state transition of haemoglobin within a single living erythrocyte,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta—Molecular Cell Research, vol. 1539, no. 1-2, pp. 58–70, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. B. R. Wood, L. Hammer, L. Davis, and D. McNaughton, “Raman microspectroscopy and imaging provides insights into heme aggregation and denaturation within human erythrocytes,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, vol. 10, no. 1, Article ID 014005, 13 pages, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. B. R. Wood, L. Hammer, and D. McNaughton, “Resonance Raman spectroscopy provides evidence of heme ordering within the functional erythrocyte,” Vibrational Spectroscopy, vol. 38, no. 1-2, pp. 71–78, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. Y. H. Kim, D. H. Jeong, D. Kim et al., “Photophysical properties of long rodlike meso—meso-linked zinc(II) porphyrins investigated by. Time-resolved laser spectroscopic methods,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 123, no. 1, pp. 76–86, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Z. Zhuang, M. Zhu, Y. Huang et al., “Study of molecule variation in various grades of human nuclear cataracts by confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 101, no. 17, Article ID 173701, 3 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. Casella, A. Lucotti, M. Tommasini et al., “Raman and SERS recognition of β-carotene and haemoglobin fingerprints in human whole blood,” Spectrochimica Acta-Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 915–919, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. T. Karu, L. Pyatibrat, and G. Kalendo, “Irradiation with He-Ne laser increases ATP level in cells cultivated in vitro,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, B: Biology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 219–223, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. G. M. Saied, R. M. Kamel, A. M. Labib, M. T. Said, and A. Z. Mohamed, “The diabetic foot and leg: combined He-Ne and infrared low-intensity lasers improve skin blood perfusion and prevent potential complications. A prospective study on 30 Egyptian patients,” Lasers in Medical Science, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 627–632, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. T. Spiro and X. Li, “Resonance Raman spectroscopy of metalloporphyrins,” in Biological Applications of Raman Spectroscopy, T. G. Spiro, Ed., pp. 1–38, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  41. A. N. Korolevich, N. S. Dubina, S. I. Vecherinskii, and M. S. Belsley, “Influence of low-intensity laser radiation on the rheological characteristics of human blood,” Journal of Applied Spectroscopy, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 572–579, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus