Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Scanning
Volume 2017, Article ID 6097486, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6097486
Research Article

Wear Characteristic of Stellite 6 Alloy Hardfacing Layer by Plasma Arc Surfacing Processes

School of Material Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Jiangsu 212003, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhiyuan Zhu; moc.361@uhzenagnalas and Chun Ouyang; moc.361@4101cyo

Received 16 August 2017; Revised 9 October 2017; Accepted 24 October 2017; Published 20 November 2017

Academic Editor: Guosong Wu

Copyright © 2017 Zhiyuan Zhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. You, S. Liu, L. Peng, M. Long, H. Deng, and H. Zhao, “Arg972 insulin receptor substrate-1 enhances tumor necrosis factor-α-induced apoptosis in osteoblasts,” Molecular Medicine Reports, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 255–260, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. M. Ferozhkhan, M. Duraiselvam, K. G. kumar, and R. Ravibharath, “Plasma Transferred Arc Welding of Stellite 6 Alloy on Stainless Steel for Wear Resistance,” Procedia Technology, vol. 25, pp. 1305–1311, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. M. Vostřák, J. Tesař, Š. Houdková, E. Smazalová, and M. Hruška, “Diagnostic of laser remelting of HVOF sprayed Stellite coatings using an infrared camera,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 318, pp. 360–364, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Hu, R. Liu, J. Liu, G. McRae, M. X. Yao, and R. Collier, “Advanced Stellite alloys with improved metal-on-metal bearing for hip implants,” Materials and Corrosion, vol. 60, pp. 424–432, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Nsoesie, R. Liu, K. Y. Chen, and M. X. Yao, “Analytical modeling of solid-particle erosion of Stellite alloys in combination with experimental investigation,” Wear, vol. 309, no. 1-2, pp. 226–232, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. Grabau T, “Composite dynamic valve seal assembly for high temperature control valves,” US 9341273 B2.
  7. H. Kashani, A. Amadeh, and H. M. Ghasemi, “Room and high temperature wear behaviors of nickel and cobalt base weld overlay coatings on hot forging dies,” Wear, vol. 262, no. 7-8, pp. 800–806, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. X. Yao, J. B. C. Wu, and Y. Xie, “Wear, corrosion and cracking resistance of some W- or Mo-containing Stellite hardfacing alloys,” Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 407, no. 1-2, pp. 234–244, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. Navas, A. Conde, M. Cadenas, and J. De Damborenea, “Tribological properties of laser clad Stellite 6 coatings on steel substrates,” Surface Engineering, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 26–34, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. A. Munther and J. G. Lenard, “Effect of scaling on interfacial friction in hot rolling of steels,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 105–113, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. O. Barrau, C. Boher, R. Gras, and F. Rezai-Aria, “Wear mecahnisms and wear rate in a high temperature dry friction of AISI H11 tool steel: Influence of debris circulation,” Wear, vol. 263, no. 1-6, pp. 160–168, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. A. Fontalvo and C. Mitterer, “The effect of oxide-forming alloying elements on the high temperature wear of a hot work steel,” Wear, vol. 258, no. 10, pp. 1491–1499, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. H. Stott and M. P. Jordan, “The effects of load and substrate hardness on the development and maintenance of wear-protective layers during sliding at elevated temperatures,” Wear, vol. 250-251, no. 1, pp. 391–400, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Birol, “High temperature sliding wear behaviour of Inconel 617 and Stellite 6 alloys,” Wear, vol. 269, no. 9-10, pp. 664–671, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Lemaire and M. Le Calvar, “Evidence of tribocorrosion wear in pressurized water reactors,” Wear, vol. 249, no. 5-6, pp. 338–344, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. B. Shendye and D. A. Downham, “Characterization of Ni-25 wt.% Cr alloys containing reactive elements and the oxide scales grown on them at high temperatures using transmission electron microscopy,” Oxidation of Metals, vol. 43, no. 5-6, pp. 435–457, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. F. J. Quinn, J. L. Sullivan, and D. M. Rowson, “Origins and development of oxidational wear at low ambient temperatures,” Wear, vol. 94, no. 2, pp. 175–191, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. P. Tu, X. H. Jie, Z. Y. Mao, and M. Matsumura, “The effect of temperature on the unlubricated sliding wear of 5 CrNiMo steel against 40 MnB steel in the range 400-600°C,” Tribology International, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 347–353, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. I. Radu and D. Y. Li, “Investigation of the role of oxide scale on Stellite 21 modified with yttrium in resisting wear at elevated temperatures,” Wear, vol. 259, no. 1-6, pp. 453–458, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. I. A. Inman and P. S. Datta, “Studies of high temperature sliding wear of metallic dissimilar interfaces IV: Nimonic 80A versus Incoloy 800HT,” Tribology International, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 1902–1919, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Roy, A. Pauschitz, J. Wernisch, and F. Franek, “The influence of temperature on the wear of Cr3C 2-25(Ni20Cr) coating - Comparison between nanocrystalline grains and conventional grains,” Wear, vol. 257, no. 7-8, pp. 799–811, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. W. Batchelor, G. W. Stachowiak, and A. Cameron, “The relationship between oxide films and the wear of steels,” Wear, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 203–223, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. L. De Mol Van Otterloo and J. T. M. De Hosson, “Microstructural features and mechanical properties of a cobalt-based laser coating,” Acta Materialia, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 1225–1236, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. F. Rosalbino and G. Scavino, “Corrosion behaviour assessment of cast and HIPed Stellite 6 alloy in a chloride-containing environment,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 111, pp. 656–662, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. Xu, M. Kutsuna, Z. Liu, and L. Sun, “Characteristic behaviours of clad layer by a multi-layer laser cladding with powder mixture of Stellite-6 and tungsten carbide,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 201, no. 6, pp. 3385–3392, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Xu, T. Xia, and Y. Huang, “Microstructures comparison of Stellite 6 alloy by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and cast HS111 alloy,” Rare Metal Materials and Engineering, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 1333–1337, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. R. Mirsheka, S. Daee, S. F. Bonabi, M. R. Tavakoli, A. Shafyei, and M. Safaei, “Effect of Interlayers on the Microstructure and Wear Resistance of Stellite 6 Coatings Deposited on AISI 420 Stainless Steel by GTAW Technique,” Surfaces and Interfaces, vol. 9, pp. 79–92, 2017. View at Google Scholar
  28. L. Wang and D. Y. Li, “Effects of yttrium on microstructure, mechanical properties and high-temperature wear behavior of cast Stellite 6 alloy,” Wear, vol. 255, no. 1-6, pp. 535–544, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. X. Yao, J. B. C. Wu, and Y. Xie, “Wear, corrosion and cracking resistance of some W- or Mo-containing Stellite hardfacing alloys,” Materials Science and Engineering, pp. 234–244, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. T. Hejwowski, “Sliding wear resistance of Fe-, Ni- and Co-based alloys for plasma deposition,” Vacuum, vol. 80, no. 11-12, pp. 1326–1330, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. P. J. Blau, “Elevated-temperature tribology of metallic materials,” Tribology International, vol. 43, no. 7, pp. 1203–1208, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. H. Kashani, A. Amadeh, and A. Ohadizadeh, “Effect of temperature on the strain induced γε phase transformation in Stellite 21 during wear test,” Materials Science and Engineering: A Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing, vol. 435-436, pp. 474–477, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Motallebzadeh, E. Atar, and H. Cimenoglu, “Sliding wear characteristics of molybdenum containing Stellite 12 coating at elevated temperatures,” Tribology International, vol. 91, pp. 40–47, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. R. Ahmed, A. Ashraf, M. Elameen et al., “Single asperity nanoscratch behaviour of HIPed and cast Stellite 6 alloys,” Wear, vol. 312, no. 1-2, pp. 70–82, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Apay and B. Gulenc, “Wear properties of AISI 1015 steel coated with Stellite 6 by microlaser welding,” Materials and Corrosion, vol. 55, pp. 1–8, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus