Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Scanning
Volume 2018, Article ID 2420747, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2420747
Review Article

Magnetization Analysis by Spin-Polarized Scanning Electron Microscopy

Research and Development Group, Hitachi, Ltd., 2520 Akanuma, Hatoyama, Saitama 350-0395, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Teruo Kohashi; moc.ihcatih@cf.ihsahok.ouret

Received 2 June 2017; Revised 23 August 2017; Accepted 7 September 2017; Published 4 February 2018

Academic Editor: Peter Hedström

Copyright © 2018 Teruo Kohashi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Koike and K. Hayakawa, “Scanning Electron Microscope Observation of Magnetic Domains Using Spin-Polarized Secondary Electrons,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 23, no. Part 2, No. 3, pp. L187–L188, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Unguris, G. G. Hembree, R. J. Celotta, and D. T. Pierce, “High resolution magnetic microstructure imaging using secondary electron spin polarization analysis in a scanning electron microscope,” Journal of Microscopy, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. RP1–RP2, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. P. Oepen and J. Kirschner, “Imaging of magnetic microstructures at surfaces: The scanning electron microscope with spin polarization analysis,” Scanning Microscopy, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. Allenspach, “Allenspach, Physics World,” 1994.
  5. H. P. Oepen and H. Hopster, Magnetic Microscopy of Nano Structure, Springer.
  6. J. Unguris, “6. Scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA) and its applications,” Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences, vol. 36, no. C, pp. 167–193, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. Kohashi, M. Konoto, and K. Koike, “High-resolution spin-polarized scanning electron microscopy (spin SEM),” Journal of Electron Microscopy, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 43–52, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. Koike, “Spin-polarized scanning electron microscopy,” Journal of Electron Microscopy, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 177–191, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. G. G. Hembree, J. Unguris, R. J. Celotta, and D. T. Pierce, Scanning Microsc. Intern, vol. 229, Suppl. 1, 1987.
  10. T. Kohashi, H. Matsuyama, and K. Koike, “A spin rotator for detecting all three magnetization vector components by spin-polarized scanning electron microscopy,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 66, no. 12, pp. 5537–5543, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Kohashi, K. Motai, T. Nishiuchi, and S. Hirosawa, “Magnetism in grain-boundary phase of a NdFeB sintered magnet studied by spin-polarized scanning electron microscopy,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104, no. 23, Article ID 232408, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. N. F. Mott, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A, vol. 124, 1998. View at Scopus
  13. C. G. Shull, C. T. Chase, and F. E. Myers, “Electron Polarization,” Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, vol. 63, no. 1-2, pp. 29–37, 1943. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. J. Unguris, M. R. Scheinfein, R. J. Celotta, and D. T. Pierce, “Magnetic microstructure of the (0001) surface of hcp cobalt,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 55, no. 24, pp. 2553–2555, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Kohashi and K. Motai, “Sample heating system for spin-polarized scanning electron microscopy,” Journal of Electron Microscopy, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 429–436, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. W. Sucksmith and J. E. Thompson, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A, vol. 225, 1954.
  17. B. W. Lee, R. Alsenz, A. Ignatiev, and M. A. Van Hove, “Surface structures of the two allotropic phases of cobalt,” Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 1510–1520, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus