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Stem Cells International
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 564612, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/564612
Research Article

Generation of Human-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells by a Nonintegrating RNA Sendai Virus Vector in Feeder-Free or Xeno-Free Conditions

1Primary and Stem Cell Systems, Life Technologies Corporation, 5781 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008, USA
2Molecular and Cell Biology, Life Technologies Corporation, 5781 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008, USA
3Primary and Stem Cell Systems, Life Technologies Corporation, 7335 Executive Way, Frederick, MD 21704, USA

Received 15 September 2011; Accepted 4 January 2012

Academic Editor: Paul Verma

Copyright © 2012 Chad C. MacArthur et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from somatic cells has enabled the possibility of providing unprecedented access to patient-specific iPSC cells for drug screening, disease modeling, and cell therapy applications. However, a major obstacle to the use of iPSC for therapeutic applications is the potential of genomic modifications caused by insertion of viral transgenes in the cellular genome. A second concern is that reprogramming often requires the use of animal feeder layers and reagents that contain animal origin products, which hinder the generation of clinical-grade iPSCs. Here, we report the generation of iPSCs by an RNA Sendai virus vector that does not integrate into the cells genome, providing transgene-free iPSC line. In addition, reprogramming can be performed in feeder-free condition with StemPro hESC SFM medium and in xeno-free (XF) conditions. Generation of an integrant-free iPSCs generated in xeno-free media should facilitate the safe downstream applications of iPSC-based cell therapies.