Ultrasound-Targeted Microbubble Destruction Improves the Migration and Homing of Mesenchymal Stem Cells after Myocardial Infarction by Upregulating SDF-1/CXCR4: A Pilot Study
CXCR4 mRNA and protein expression in vitro. (a) Real-time PCR analysis of CXCR4 mRNA expression in MSCs from the different supernatant and MTE groups. The relative expression level was normalized against the control group, with GAPDH as an internal standard. ((b) and (c)) Western blot analysis for CXCR4 protein expression within MSCs from the different supernatant or MTE groups, respectively. The results from each group were normalized to GAPDH expression. All values are expressed as the mean ± SD. ; .
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