Figure 5: Flow cytometric analysis of the expression of interferon gamma (IFN-), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) by human decidua basalis mesenchymal stem cells (DBMSCs). The expression profiles of five individual experiments demonstrating that the expression of IFN-, TGF-β1, and ICAM-1 by DBMSCs significantly changed from passage 3 to passage 5. The levels of expression are presented as mean percentage of positive cells as determined by flow cytometry. Experiments were conducted in triplicate using the indicated DBMSC passages. Five independent placentae were used to prepare DBMSCs. . Bars represent standard errors.