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Stem Cells International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5786257, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5786257
Review Article

Development of Synthetic and Natural Materials for Tissue Engineering Applications Using Adipose Stem Cells

Department of Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515, China

Received 16 October 2015; Revised 9 January 2016; Accepted 12 January 2016

Academic Editor: Norbert Pallua

Copyright © 2016 Yunfan He and Feng Lu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Adipose stem cells have prominent implications in tissue regeneration due to their abundance and relative ease of harvest from adipose tissue and their abilities to differentiate into mature cells of various tissue lineages and secrete various growth cytokines. Development of tissue engineering techniques in combination with various carrier scaffolds and adipose stem cells offers great potential in overcoming the existing limitations constraining classical approaches used in plastic and reconstructive surgery. However, as most tissue engineering techniques are new and highly experimental, there are still many practical challenges that must be overcome before laboratory research can lead to large-scale clinical applications. Tissue engineering is currently a growing field of medical research; in this review, we will discuss the progress in research on biomaterials and scaffolds for tissue engineering applications using adipose stem cells.