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Stem Cells International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 6129579, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6129579
Review Article

Clinical Efficacy and Meta-Analysis of Stem Cell Therapies for Patients with Brain Ischemia

1Department of Neurosurgery, Zhongda Hospital, School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China
2Aston Institute of Regenerative Medicine, Aston Medical School, Aston University, Birmingham, UK

Received 2 June 2016; Revised 14 July 2016; Accepted 28 July 2016

Academic Editor: Wasim S. Khan

Copyright © 2016 Lukui Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Systematic review and meta-analysis to observe the efficacy and safety of stem cell transplantation therapy in patients with brain ischemia. Methods. We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, Ovid, CBM, CNKI, WanFang, and VIP Data from its inception to December 2015, to collect randomized controlled trials (RCT) of stem cell transplantation for the ischemic stroke. Two authors independently screened the literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias. Thereafter, meta-analysis was performed. Results. Sixteen studies and eighteen independent treatments were included in the current meta-analysis. The results based upon the pooled mean difference from baseline to follow-up points showed that the stem cell transplantation group was superior to the control group with statistical significance in the neurologic deficits score (NIHSS, MD = 1.57; 95% CI, 0.64–2.51; %; ), motor function (FMA, MD = 4.23; 95% CI, 3.08–5.38; %; ), daily life ability (Barthel, MD = 8.37; 95% CI, 4.83–11.91; %; ), and functional independence (FIM, MD = 8.89; 95% CI, 4.70–13.08; %; ). Conclusions. It is suggested that the stem cell transplantation therapy for patients with brain ischemic stroke can significantly improve the neurological deficits and daily life quality, with no serious adverse events. However, higher quality and larger data studies are required for further investigation to support clinical application of stem cell transplantation.