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Stem Cells International
Volume 2018, Article ID 9601623, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9601623
Review Article

Generation and Applications of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Department of Clinical Application, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Makoto Ikeya; pj.ca.u-otoyk.aric@ayekim

Received 25 January 2018; Revised 12 June 2018; Accepted 20 June 2018; Published 31 July 2018

Academic Editor: Krisztian Nemeth

Copyright © 2018 Chengzhu Zhao and Makoto Ikeya. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are adult stem cells with fibroblast-like morphology and isolated from the bone marrow via plastic adhesion. Their multipotency and immunoregulatory properties make MSCs possible therapeutic agents, and an increasing number of publications and clinical trials have highlighted their potential in regenerative medicine. However, the finite proliferative capacity of MSCs limits their scalability and global dissemination as a standardized therapeutic product. Furthermore, adult tissue provenance could constrain accessibility, impinge on cellular potency, and incur greater exposure to disease-causing pathogens based on the donor. These issues could be circumvented by the derivation of MSCs from pluripotent stem cells. In this paper, we review methods that induce and characterize MSCs derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and introduce MSC applications to disease modeling, pathogenic mechanisms, and drug discovery. We also discuss the potential applications of MSCs in regenerative medicine including cell-based therapies and issues that should be overcome before iPSC-derived MSC therapy will be applied in the clinic.