Stem Cells International

Modeling CNS Development and Disease


Publishing date
06 May 2016
Status
Published
Submission deadline
18 Dec 2015

Lead Editor

1University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA

2Indiana University-Purdue University at Indiana, Indianapolis, USA

3University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

4Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

5Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China


Modeling CNS Development and Disease

Description

The ultimate goal for the majority of stem cell research is directed at uncovering mechanisms of and developing treatments for disease and/or injury. The central nervous system (CNS) presents an unparalleled challenge for these studies due to the diversity of cell types and their interrelated functions in health and disease. For this reason extensive effort has been placed on developing methods to differentiate appropriate populations of cells that reside within the CNS (e.g., neuronal subtypes, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes), each with unique roles in disease processes. Much of this work has been informed by basic developmental studies that have identified cell-intrinsic and -extrinsic signaling mechanisms, as well as transcriptional programs involved with cell fate specification. In turn, the use of these factors to direct differentiation of stem cells can be reciprocally informative to non-stem-cell biologists, especially for use as fate markers and for cross-species comparisons. While early work focused on the use of mesenchymal stem cells, embryonic carcinoma cells, and fetal stem cells, more recent efforts have proliferated in the areas of embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, and direct conversion of somatic cells. These new sources typically require slightly different methods to direct differentiation to various CNS fates, although many mechanisms appear to converge on common signaling pathways.

In this special issue we invite investigators to contribute original research as well as review articles that address the proliferation and refinement of methods to define and characterize multiple types of CNS populations for the study of development and disease.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Intrinsic and/or extrinsic signaling mechanisms for fate specification
  • Improving cell fate specification for:
    • Neurons
    • Astrocytes
    • Oligodendrocytes
    • Microglia
    • Other cells residing in the CNS (pericytes, epithelia, etc.)
  • Direct conversion of progenitors and somatic cells
  • Methods for validating cell types including the use of markers and functional assays
  • Comparisons of neural “induction” protocols and the process of standardization for various methodologies
  • 3D cultures to model self-organization and organogenesis
  • Modeling neurodegenerative diseases using hESC, iPSCs, and direct programming
  • Small molecules and endogenous morphogen for regionalization
  • Methods for maintaining progenitor populations
  • Bioinformatic analysis of cell populations
Stem Cells International
 Journal metrics
Acceptance rate44%
Submission to final decision76 days
Acceptance to publication35 days
CiteScore7.200
Impact Factor3.869
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