Scientifica / 2014 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

Influenza Viral Manipulation of Sphingolipid Metabolism and Signaling to Modulate Host Defense System

Figure 1

The sphingolipid system. (a) The pathway of sphingolipid synthesis and degradation by catalytic enzymes. (b) Shown are chemical structures of the sphingolipids (ceramide, sphingosine, and S1P) and the sphingosine analogs (FTY720 and AAL-R).

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.