Scientifica / 2014 / Article / Fig 5

Review Article

Influenza Viral Manipulation of Sphingolipid Metabolism and Signaling to Modulate Host Defense System

Figure 5

Interaction between SK1 and viruses. (a) SK1 inhibits BVDV replication, whereas SK1 heightens cellular susceptibility to the infection with influenza virus or HCMV. (b) BVDV and DENV decrease SK1 expression/activation, whereas influenza virus, HCMV, and RSV increase SK1 level/activation.

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