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Scientifica
Volume 2014, Article ID 915725, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/915725
Review Article

Using the Neurofibromatosis Tumor Predisposition Syndromes to Understand Normal Nervous System Development

Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8111, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA

Received 19 March 2014; Accepted 7 May 2014; Published 28 August 2014

Academic Editor: Andrea Fuso

Copyright © 2014 Cynthia Garcia and David H. Gutmann. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Development is a tightly regulated process that involves stem cell self-renewal, differentiation, cell-to-cell communication, apoptosis, and blood vessel formation. These coordinated processes ensure that tissues maintain a size and architecture that is appropriate for normal tissue function. As such, tumors arise when cells acquire genetic mutations that allow them to escape the normal growth constraints. In this regard, the study of tumor predisposition syndromes affords a unique platform to better understand normal development and the process by which normal cells transform into cancers. Herein, we review the processes governing normal brain development, discuss how brain cancer represents a disruption of these normal processes, and highlight insights into both normal development and cancer made possible by the study of tumor predisposition syndromes.