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Volume 2016, Article ID 2035240, 9 pages
Research Article

Unraveling the Limits of Mitochondrial Control Region to Estimate the Fine Scale Population Genetic Differentiation in Anadromous Fish Tenualosa ilisha

1National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226 002, India
2University of Lucknow, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226 007, India

Received 17 December 2015; Accepted 12 April 2016

Academic Editor: Muzaffar Hussain

Copyright © 2016 Rashmi Verma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The mitochondrial control region has been the first choice for examining the population structure but hypervariability and homoplasy have reduced its suitability. We analysed eight populations using control region for examining the population structure of Hilsa. Although the control region analysis revealed broad structuring between the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal (, ) it was unable to detect structure among riverine populations. These results suggest that the markers used must be able to distinguish populations and control region has led to an underestimation of genetic differentiation among populations of Hilsa.