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Volume 2016, Article ID 4687342, 8 pages
Research Article

Sociodemographic and Obstetric Characteristics of Anaemic Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Bolgatanga Regional Hospital

1Haematology and Parasitology Units, Bolgatanga Regional Hospital, P.O. Box 26, Bolgatanga, Upper East Region, Ghana
2Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
3Obstetric Gynaecology Unit, Bolgatanga Regional Hospital, P.O. Box 26, Bolgatanga, Upper East Region, Ghana

Received 28 December 2015; Revised 9 March 2016; Accepted 11 April 2016

Academic Editor: Patricia B. Reagan

Copyright © 2016 Benjamin Ahenkorah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The study determined the sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics of pregnant women which contribute to the risk of developing anaemia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 pregnant women attending their first antenatal visit at the Bolgatanga Regional Hospital Antenatal Clinic. Anaemia was significantly associated () with younger maternal age, parity, gravidity, trimester of pregnancy, and source of drinking water. Multivariate logistic regression identified the following factors with adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI): unemployment (aOR = 4.76 (CI: 2.26–11.33); ), rural dwelling (aOR = 3.10 (CI: 2.16–4.91); ), primigravida (aOR = 2.13 (CI: 1.34–3.18); ), nulliparity (aOR = 1.92 (CI: 1.23–2.86); ), first antenatal visit at second trimester (aOR = 1.71 (CI: 1.33–3.12); ) and first antenatal visit at third trimester (aOR = 2.73 (CI: 1.24–4.35); ), drinking from well and boreholes (aOR = 2.78 (CI: 2.27–5.21); ), and the presence of domestic livestock (aOR = 2.15 (CI: 1.33–3.68); ). This study has shown the various sociodemographic and obstetric factors which significantly contribute to anaemia in pregnancy.