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Scientifica
Volume 2016, Article ID 5269815, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5269815
Research Article

The Role Descriptions of Triage Nurse in Emergency Department: A Delphi Study

1Department of Emergency Medicine, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9137913316, Iran
2Evidence-Based Caring Research Center, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9137913199, Iran
3Research Center for Health Services Management, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman 7616913555, Iran
4Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Khalije Fars Boulevard, Bam, Kerman 7661771967, Iran

Received 2 December 2015; Accepted 19 April 2016

Academic Editor: Toomas Timpka

Copyright © 2016 Mohsen Ebrahimi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Triage nurses play a pivotal role in the emergency department. However some researchers have attempted to expand triage nurse’s role; remarkable discrepancies exist among scholarly communities. The aim was to develop a role description of triage nurse relying on the experts. Methods. A modified Delphi study consisting of 3 rounds was performed from March to October 2014. In the first round, an extensive review of the literature was conducted. Expert selection was conducted through a purposeful sample of 38 emergency medicine experts. Results. Response rates for the second and third rounds were 37% and 58%. Average age of panelists was () years. Thirty-nine out of 54 items reached to the final round. Prioritizing had the higher agreement rate and least agreement on triage related interventions. Conclusion. Triage nursing as a relatively new role for nurses needs significant development to be practiced. Comprehensive educational programs and developmental research are required to support diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in triage practice by nurses.