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Scientifica
Volume 2016, Article ID 5306756, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5306756
Research Article

Socio-Demographic Variables and Successful Aging of the Angolan Elderly

1Department of Methodology for the Behavioural Sciences, University of Valencia, Blasco Ibañez 21, 46410 Valencia, Spain
2Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Valencia, Blasco Ibañez 21, 46410 Valencia, Spain
3Department of Psychology and Sociology, University of Zaragoza, FCSH Ciudad Escolar s/n, 44003 Teruel, Spain
4Department of Educational Sciences, Higher Institute of the Education Sciences, University of Agostinho Neto, Luanda, Angola

Received 7 December 2015; Revised 2 March 2016; Accepted 6 March 2016

Academic Editor: Alessandro Martorana

Copyright © 2016 Laura Galiana et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The proportion of elderly people is growing faster than any other age group. Amongst them, the group of oldest old is indeed the segment of the elderly population with the fastest growth rate. The increase in the proportion of elderly in the Angolan population makes research on this area badly needed. Within the theoretical framework of successful aging, the study aims to test for sociodemographic group differences in perceived health, life satisfaction, and social relations in Angolan elderly. The dependent variables are three of the components of what has been called successful aging. Data came from a cross-sectional survey of elderly people living in Luanda. 1003 Angolan elderly were surveyed on sociodemographic information, perceived health, life satisfaction, and social support. MANOVAs were calculated to test for mean differences in the dependent variables. Results permit to conclude that the factors associated with the largest differences on the Angolan elderly’s quality of life and social relations were age (becoming oldest old) and institutionalization. The interactions of several factors with age pointed out that the oldest old were clearly a group in which the decreased quality of life due to becoming oldest old could not be compensated by other factors, as it was the case in the group of young old.