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Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 9463186, 8 pages
Review Article

Prosthetics and Techniques in Repair of Animal’s Abdominal Wall

1Experimental Surgery Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80216, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Surgery, Anesthesiology and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Dakahlia 35516, Egypt
3Biological Science Department, Faculty of Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Science, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
5Biochemistry Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Received 3 December 2015; Accepted 21 April 2016

Academic Editor: Sotirios Korossis

Copyright © 2016 Gamal Karrouf et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The management of abdominal wall repair continues to present a challenging problem, especially in the repair of major defects. Many abdominal wall defects can be repaired by primary closure; however, if the defect is large and there is a tension on the closure of the wound, the use of prosthetic materials becomes indispensable. Many studies have been performed with various materials and implant techniques, without the comparison of their degrees of success, based on sound meta-analysis and/or inclusive epidemiologic studies. This review covered the effectiveness of recent advances in prosthetic materials and implant procedures used in repair of abdominal wall, based on biomechanical properties and economic aspects of reconstructed large abdominal wall defects and hernias in animals. The presented results in this review helped to reach treatment algorithms that could maximize outcomes and minimize morbidity.