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Scientifica
Volume 2016, Article ID 9569725, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9569725
Research Article

The Effect of Ethnic Variation on the Success of Induced Labour in Nulliparous Women with Postdates Pregnancies

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Shrewsbury and Telford Hospital NHS Trust, Telford TF1 6FT, UK
2Department of Midwifery, Midwifery School, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, 57 400 Thessaloniki, Greece
3Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, University of Athens, 115 27 Athens, Greece

Received 23 December 2015; Revised 31 January 2016; Accepted 1 February 2016

Academic Editor: Malgorzata Wasniewska

Copyright © 2016 Dimitrios Papoutsis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To identify the potential effect of ethnic variation on the success of induction of labour in nulliparous women with postdates pregnancies. Study Design. This was an observational cohort study of women being induced for postdates pregnancies (≥41 weeks) between 2007 and 2013. Women induced for stillbirths and with multiple pregnancies were excluded. The primary objective was to identify the effect of ethnicity on the caesarean section (CS) delivery rates in this cohort of women. Results. 1,636 nulliparous women were identified with a mean age of 27.2 years. 95.8% of the women were of White ethnic origin, 2.6% were Asian, and 1.6% were of Black ethnic origin. The CS delivery rate was 24.4% in the total sample. Women of Black ethnic origin had a 3.26 times greater likelihood for CS in comparison to White women, after adjusting for maternal age, BMI, smoking, presence of meconium, use of epidural analgesia, fetal gender, birth weight, and head circumference (adjusted OR = 3.26; 95% CI: 1.31–8.08, p = 0.011). Conclusion. We have found that nulliparous women of Black ethnicity demonstrate an almost threefold increased risk of caesarean section delivery when induced for postdates pregnancy.