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Scientifica
Volume 2017, Article ID 5194970, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5194970
Research Article

A Carbon Cycle Model for the Social-Ecological Process in Coastal Wetland: A Case Study on Gouqi Island, East China

1School of Tourism and Event Management, Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, No. 1900 Wenxiang Road, Songjiang District, Shanghai 201620, China
2Zhejiang Institute of Marine Planning and Design, No. 50 East Fengqi Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province 300201, China
3Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, 3663 North Zhongshan RD, Shanghai 200062, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Yanxia Li; moc.361@arolfq

Received 20 November 2016; Accepted 4 January 2017; Published 14 February 2017

Academic Editor: Dong Xie

Copyright © 2017 Yanxia Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Coastal wetlands offer many important ecosystem services both in natural and in social systems. How to simultaneously decrease the destructive effects flowing from human activities and maintaining the sustainability of regional wetland ecosystems are an important issue for coastal wetlands zones. We use carbon credits as the basis for regional sustainable developing policy-making. With the case of Gouqi Island, a typical coastal wetlands zone that locates in the East China Sea, a carbon cycle model was developed to illustrate the complex social-ecological processes. Carbon-related processes in natural ecosystem, primary industry, secondary industry, tertiary industry, and residents on the island were identified in the model. The model showed that 36780 tons of carbon is released to atmosphere with the form of CO2, and 51240 tons of carbon is captured by the ecosystem in 2014 and the three major resources of carbon emission are transportation and tourism development and seawater desalination. Based on the carbon-related processes and carbon balance, we proposed suggestions on the sustainable development strategy of Gouqi Island as coastal wetlands zone.