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Security and Communication Networks
Volume 2018, Article ID 3759626, 25 pages
Review Article

Moving Target Defense Techniques: A Survey

1China National Digital Switching System Engineering & Technological Research Center, Zhengzhou, Henan Province 450001, China
2Henan Key Laboratory of Information Security, Zhengzhou, Henan Province 450001, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Cheng Lei; moc.liamg@05121gnehciel

Cheng Lei and Hong-Qi Zhang contributed equally to this work.

Received 6 February 2018; Revised 30 May 2018; Accepted 15 July 2018; Published 22 July 2018

Academic Editor: Jesús Díaz-Verdejo

Copyright © 2018 Cheng Lei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


As an active defense technique to change asymmetry in cyberattack-defense confrontation, moving target defense research has become one of the hot spots. In order to gain better understanding of moving target defense, background knowledge and inspiration are expounded at first. Based on it, the concept of moving target defense is analyzed. Secondly, literature analysis method is adopted to explain the design principles and system architecture of moving target defense. In addition, some relevant key techniques are introduced from the aspects of strategy generation, shuffling implementation, and performance evaluation. After that, the applications of moving target defense in different network architectures are illustrated. Finally, existing problems and future trend in this field are elaborated so as to provide a basis for further study.