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Security and Communication Networks
Volume 2018, Article ID 5650205, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5650205
Research Article

FAS: Using FPGA to Accelerate and Secure SDN Software Switches

College of Computer, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410073, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Wenwen Fu; moc.361@49newnewuf

Received 12 October 2017; Accepted 17 December 2017; Published 17 January 2018

Academic Editor: Chengchen Hu

Copyright © 2018 Wenwen Fu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Software-Defined Networking (SDN) promises the vision of more flexible and manageable networks but requires certain level of programmability in the data plane to accommodate different forwarding abstractions. SDN software switches running on commodity multicore platforms are programmable and are with low deployment cost. However, the performance of SDN software switches is not satisfactory due to the complex forwarding operations on packets. Moreover, this may hinder the performance of real-time security on software switch. In this paper, we analyze the forwarding procedure and identify the performance bottleneck of SDN software switches. An FPGA-based mechanism for accelerating and securing SDN switches, named FAS (FPGA-Accelerated SDN software switch), is proposed to take advantage of the reconfigurability and high-performance advantages of FPGA. FAS improves the performance as well as the capacity against malicious traffic attacks of SDN software switches by offloading some functional modules. We validate FAS on an FPGA-based network processing platform. Experiment results demonstrate that the forwarding rate of FAS can be 44% higher than the original SDN software switch. In addition, FAS provides new opportunity to enhance the security of SDN software switches by allowing the deployment of bump-in-the-wire security modules (such as packet detectors and filters) in FPGA.