Security and Communication Networks / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

A Secure Incentive Scheme for Vehicular Delay Tolerant Networks Using Cryptocurrency

Table 1

Some remarkable cryptocurrencies based on blockchain.

projectlaunchedanonymityremarksref.

Bitcoin2009pseudonymous(i) first blockchain-based cryptocurrency
(ii) uses proof-of-work timestamping
[20]

Namecoin2011censorship registance(i) first altcoin that implemented Satoshi’s BitDNS idea
(ii) key-value pair registration and transfer
[21]

Litecoin2011pseudonymous(i) technical detail is similar to Bitcoin
(ii) aims to process a block every 2.5 minutes, rather than Bitcoin’s 10 minutes
(iii) uses scrypt in its proof-of-work algorithm
[22]

Monero2014pseudonymous,
unlinkable
(i) implemented based on the CryptoNote protocol
(ii) uses ring confidential transactions technique
[23]

Ethereum2015pseudonymous(i) provides Turing-complete virtual machine, Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM)
(ii) distributed computing platform featuring smart contract functionality
(iii) Ether is a cryptocurrency generated by the Ethereum platform
[24]
Zcash2016strong anonymity,
shielded transactions
(i) decentralized cryptocurrency that provides strong privacy protections
(ii) transactions can be controlled by a zero-knowledge proof called zk-SNARKs
[25]