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Sleep Disorders
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 160374, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/160374
Review Article

Sleep and Military Members: Emerging Issues and Nonpharmacological Intervention

Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, 2-64 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2G4

Received 24 April 2013; Revised 24 June 2013; Accepted 26 June 2013

Academic Editor: Marco Zucconi

Copyright © 2013 Cary A. Brown et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Many individuals who work in the military experience sleep deficiency which presents a significant problem given the nature of their work. The cause of their sleep problems is likely multifactorial, stemming from the interplay between their personal health, habits and lifestyle juxtaposed with the stress of their military work such as emotional and physical trauma experienced in service. Objective. To present an overview of sleep deficiency in military members (MMs) and review of nonpharmacological treatment options. Discussion. Although there are a number of promising nonpharmacological treatment options available for people working in the military who experience problems sleeping, testing interventions within the context of the military are still in the early stages. Further research utilizing rigorous design and standardized, context appropriate outcome measures is needed to help treat this burgeoning problem.