Sleep Disorders / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Effects of Acupuncture Treatment on Sleep Quality and on Emotional Measures among Individuals Living with Schizophrenia: A Pilot Study

Table 2

Emotional and clinical measures (means and standard deviations) after each phase of the study and analysis of the comparisons between them.

Emotional and clinical measuresBaseline level
Mean (SD)
Last week of acupuncture treatment
Mean (SD)
value

Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) 2.49 ( ) 2.14 ( )6.670.001
Psychopathology score (PANSS) 2.96 ( ) 2.65 ( )8.260.001
Positive general symptoms (PANSS)2.44 ( ) 2.04 ( )5.230.001
Negative general symptoms (PANSS)3.62 ( ) 3.47 ( )2.970.008
General symptoms (PANSS) 2.83 ( )2.43 ( 0.93)7.960.001
Depression level (BDI questionnaire) 14.66 ( ) 12.01 ( )1.790.088
Depression level (CDSS questionnaire) 7.16 ( ) 4.21 ( )5.040.001
State Anxiety level (STAI questionnaire) 2.27 ( ) 2.12 ( )2.980.008
Anxiety level (HAS questionnaire) 1.21 ( ) 0.73 ( )5.960.001
Quality of Life level (QLESQ questionnaire) 3.60 ( ) 3.70 ( )−2.080.051
Anhedonia level (SHAPS questionnaire)3.49 ( ) 3.41 ( )1.170.257

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