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Sleep Disorders
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 698957, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/698957
Research Article

Sleep Lab Adaptation in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Typically Developing Children

1Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, P.O. Box 15000, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4R2
2IWK Health Centre, 5850 University Avenue, Halifax, NS, Canada B3K 6R8
3Colchester East Hants ADHD Clinic, 600 Abenaki Road, Truro, NS, Canada B2N 5A1

Received 31 January 2013; Accepted 20 April 2013

Academic Editor: Marco Zucconi

Copyright © 2013 Meredith Bessey et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. Research has shown inconsistencies across studies examining sleep problems in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is possible that these inconsistencies are due to sleep lab adaptation. The goal of the current study was to investigate the possibility that children with ADHD adapt differently to the sleep lab than do typically developing (TD) children. Patients and Methods. Actigraphy variables were compared between home and the sleep lab. Sleep lab adaptation reports from the parent and child were compared between children with ADHD ( ) and TD children ( ). Results. Based on actigraphy, both groups had reduced sleep duration and reduced wake after sleep onset in the sleep lab compared to home. The only interaction effect was that TD children had increased sleep efficiency in the sleep lab compared to home. Conclusions. The results of this study do not support the hypothesis that children with ADHD adjust to the sleep lab differently than their typically developing peers. However, both groups of children did sleep differently in the sleep lab compared to home, and this needs to be considered when generalizing research findings from a sleep lab environment to children’s sleep in general.