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Review Article

Computer-Assisted Diagnosis of the Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome: A Review

Table 3

Summary of apneic event detection approaches.


Pulse oximetrySaO2Counting on the number of desaturation and/or resaturation eventsNetzer et al. [16], Flemons et al. [42]
Online processing + Bagging classifierBurgos et al. [43]
PPGDAP detector based on PPGGil et al. [44]

Single-channel respiratory activityAbdominal breathing signalExpert systemMacey et al. [45]
NAFAmplitude based thresholdingReisch et al. [46], Pépin et al. [47]
ANNVárady et al. [48]
Mean magnitude of the second derivativeHan et al. [49]
Flow-power dips, amplitude based detection, and ODINakano et al. [50]
Fuzzy Inference SystemShin et al. [51], Nazeran et al. [52], Morsy and Al-Ashmouny [53], and Al-Ashmouny et al. [54]
Thoracic breathing signalAmplitude based thresholdingReisch et al. [46]
Esophageal pressureAmplitude based thresholdingReisch et al. [46]
FOTAmplitude based thresholdingReisch et al. [46]

Multichannel respiratory activitySaO2 + RIPAmplitude based analysisTaha et al. [55]
Airflow + SaO2TDNNTian and Liu [56]
NAF + PPGPulse wave amplitude analysisSommermeyer et al. [57]
Nasal pressure + FOTAmplitude based feature extraction + thresholdingSteltner et al. [58]
Thoracic and abdominal respiratory signalsPiecewise liner approximation + time-domain phase difference detectionVárady et al. [59]
NAF + thoracic and abdominal breathingBreath-to-breath amplitude analysisHoudt et al. [60]
Thoracic and abdominal respiratory effort + ECG + SaO2SVMAl-Angari and Sahakian [61]
EEG + ECG + nasal pressure + oronasal temperature + right EOG + EMGWavelets + LAMSTAR ANNWaxman et al. [62, 63]
Airflow + SaO2 + thoracic and abdominal breathingFuzzy Inference SystemÁlvarez-Estévez and Moret-Bonillo [64], Maali and Al-Jumaily [65], and Otero et al. [66, 67]

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