Sleep Disorders / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Auricular Acupuncture and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia: A Randomised Controlled Study

Table 1

Linear mixed models with within-group effects for AA and CBT-i. Outcome variables are Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep scale (DBAS-16), Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD-A, HAD-D), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS).

Baseline Posttreatment measurement point6-month follow-up Baseline versus posttreatment measurement point Baseline versus 6-month follow-up
Estimate (SE)Estimate (SE)Estimate (SE)Estimate (SE)Estimate (SE)

ISI
AA 18.56 (0.70)16.49 (0.94)15.19 (0.94)2.07 3.27
CBT-i17.75 (0.65)9.6 (1.04)11.66 (1.25)−8.16 6.09
DBAS-16
AA5.20 (0.29)4.83 (0.27)4.70 (0.33)−37 (0.29)−50 (0.31)
CBT-i5.55 (0.25)3.74 (0.34)3.79 (0.44)1.80 1.76
HAD-A
AA5.58 (0.46)4.69 (0.59)5.22 (0.66)−0.90 (0.46)−0.36 (0.54)
CBT-i5.93 (0.58)5.24 (0.55)5.32 (0.58)−0.68 (0.54)−0.61 (0.56)
HAD-D
AA5.33 (0.56)4.94 (0.46)4.63 (0.50)−0.39 (0.40)0.70
CBT-i5.78 (0.49)5.29 (0.56)4.78 (0.51)−0.49 (0.63)0.99
ESS
AA4.56 (0.72)3.75 (0.61)4.44 (0.49)−0.80 (0.54)−0.12 (0.56)
CBT-i5.12 (0.67)4.85 (0.72)4.65 (0.68)−0.28 (0.71)0.48 (0.57)

p < 0.05, p < 0.001.

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