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Scientific Programming
Volume 10 (2002), Issue 4, Pages 329-337

Scientific Computing on the Itanium® Processor

Bruce Greer, John Harrison, Greg Henry, Wei Li, and Peter Tang

Computational Software Lab, Intel Corporation, USA

Received 26 November 2002; Accepted 26 November 2002

Copyright © 2002 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The 64-bit Intel® Itanium® architecture is designed for high-performance scientific and enterprise computing, and the Itanium processor is its first silicon implementation. Features such as extensive arithmetic support, predication, speculation, and explicit parallelism can be used to provide a sound infrastructure for supercomputing. A large number of high-performance computer companies are offering Itanium® -based systems, some capable of peak performance exceeding 50 GFLOPS. In this paper we give an overview of the most relevant architectural features and provide illustrations of how these features are used in both low-level and high-level support for scientific and engineering computing, including transcendental functions and linear algebra kernels.