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Scientific Programming
Volume 2016, Article ID 6421943, 12 pages
Research Article

Integrated Yard Space Allocation and Yard Crane Deployment Problem in Resource-Limited Container Terminals

1Scientific Research Academy, Shanghai Maritime University, No. 1550 Haigang Ave., Shanghai 201306, China
2Engineering Research Center of Container Supply Chain Technology, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China

Received 16 August 2016; Revised 12 September 2016; Accepted 19 September 2016

Academic Editor: Lu Zhen

Copyright © 2016 Caimao Tan and Junliang He. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Yard storage space and yard crane equipment are the core resources in the container terminal yard area. This paper studies the integrated yard space allocation (outbound container space) and yard crane deployment problem in resource-limited container terminals where yard space and yard cranes are extremely scarce. Two corresponding counterstrategies are introduced, respectively, and the integrated problem is solved as mixed integer programming. The model this paper formulated considers the container volume fluctuation of the service line, and the objective is a trade-off between yard sharing space and terminal operation cost. In numerical experiments, this paper tries to reveal the management meaning in practical operation of container terminal and provides decision support for terminal managers; therefore a series of scenarios are presented to analyze the relations among the yard sharing space, the number of yard cranes, the size of yard subblock, and the cost of terminal operation.