Surgery Research and Practice / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Treatment and Outcome for Children with Esophageal Atresia from a Gender Perspective

Table 2

Concomitant malformations of the included girls and boys with esophageal atresia. Values are presented as number and percentage of patients, n (%). Genital malformations were not included.

Girls (n = 20)Boys (n = 20)p value

V (vertebral malformation)5 (25)2 (10)0.41
A (anal malformation)2 (10)2 (10)1
C (cardiac malformation)2 (10)2 (10)1
T (tracheoesophageal fistula)20 (100)20 (100)1
E (esophageal atresia)20 (100)20 (100)1
R (renal malformation)1 (5)1 (5)1
L (limb malformation)1 (5)1 (5)1
Duodenal malformation1 (5)2 (10)1
Spinal cord malformation1 (5)0 (0)1
Cleft lip and palate malformation1 (5)0 (0)1
Congenital cardiac shunts18 (90)18 (90)1

Fisher’s exact test; cardiac malformations were here defined as malformations with hemodynamic influence. Three out of the four children were operated on, and a cardiac surgery was planned for the fourth patient.