Surgery Research and Practice / 2017 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Treatment and Outcome for Children with Esophageal Atresia from a Gender Perspective

Table 3

Gender comparison of preoperative treatment, postoperative treatment, and complications within 30 days after reconstruction of esophageal atresia. Values are presented as median (range) and number and percentage of patients, n (%).

Girls (n = 20)Boys (n = 20) value
Median (range)Median (range)

Preoperative treatment
Days until surgery, median (range)1 (0–2)1 (0–3)0.15
Received food before surgery5 (25)7 (35)0.73
Surgical treatment
Received CVC13 (65)15 (75)0.73
Received thoracic drain16 (80)17 (85)0.66
Postoperative treatment with drain
Change of thoracic drain2 (10)0 (0)0.49
Extra thoracic drain6 (30)4 (20)0.72
Insertion of drain if not placed at surgery0 (0)1 (5)1
Complications
Anastomotic leakage3 (15)4 (20)1
Pneumothorax10 (50)11 (55)1
Treated sepsis3 (15)4 (20)1
Treated wound infection3 (15)6 (30)0.45
Treated CVC infection1 (5)0 (0)1

Mann–Whitney U test; Fisher’s exact test; CVC: central venous catheter.