Surgery Research and Practice / 2017 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Outcomes of Hirschsprung’s Disease from the Perspective of Gender

Table 6

Bowel Function Score (BFS). Patients 4 years of age and older. Ranging bowel function from worse to better with a score from 1 to 20 (1: very poor and 20: very good) (%).

Evaluation of bowel controlScore
Min: 1
Max: 20
Boys
Girls

Ability to hold back defecation
(i) Always34 (16)4 (44)0.21
(ii) Problems < 1/week212 (48)2 (22)
(iii) Weekly problems17 (28)2 (22)
(iv) No voluntary control02 (8)1 (11)

Feels/reports the urge to defecate
(i) Always31 (4)4 (44)0.24
(ii) Most of the time211 (44)0 (0)
(iii) Uncertain111 (44)4 (44)
(iv) Absent02 (89)1 (11)

Frequency of defecation
(i) Every other day to twice a day29 (36)7 (78)0.03
(ii) More often115 (60)2 (22)
(iii) Less often11 (4)0 (0)

Soiling
(i) Never30 (0)1 (11)0.34
(ii) Staining < 1/week, no change of underwear required211 (44)3 (33)
(iii) Frequent staining, change of underwear often required19 (36)4 (44)
(iv) Daily soiling, requires protective aids05 (20)1 (11)

Faecal accidents
(i) Never39 (36)6 (67)0.15
(ii) Fewer 1/week29 (36)1 (11)
(iii) Weekly, requires protective aids15 (20)1 (11)
(iv) Daily, requires protective aids day and night02 (8)1 (119)

Constipation
(i) No constipation316 (64)5 (56)0.24
(ii) Manageable with diet25 (20)1 (11)
(iii) Manageable with laxatives14 (16)1 (11)
(iv) Manageable with enemas00 (0)2 (22)

Social problems
(i) No social problems313 (62)5 (63)0.5
(ii) Sometimes26 (29)2 (25)
(iii) Problems restricting social life10 (0)1 (12)
(iv) Severe social/psychosocial problems02 (9)0 (0)

Score
Min
Max
Median
8
17
14
10
20
13.5
0.36

–Whitney test significant at .