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Surgery Research and Practice
Volume 2018, Article ID 9326459, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9326459
Research Article

Acute Perioperative Comparison of Patient-Specific Instrumentation versus Conventional Instrumentation Utilization during Bilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty

Department of Orthopedics, Grandview Medical Center, Affiliate of Kettering Medical Center and Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, 405 W. Grand Ave., Dayton, OH 45405, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Jerrod A. Steimle; moc.liamg@15elmietsj

Received 26 September 2017; Revised 6 January 2018; Accepted 24 January 2018; Published 21 February 2018

Academic Editor: Cato T. Laurencin

Copyright © 2018 Jerrod A. Steimle et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Utilizing patient-specific instrumentation during total knee arthroplasty has gained popularity in recent years with theoretical advantages in blood loss, intraoperative time, length of stay, postoperative alignment, and functional outcome, amongst others. No study has compared acute perioperative measures between patient-specific instrumentation and conventional instrumentation in the bilateral total knee arthroplasty setting. We compared patient-specific instrumentation versus conventional instrumentation in the setting of bilateral total knee arthroplasty to determine any benefits in the immediate perioperative period including surgical time, blood loss, pain medication use, length of stay, and discharge disposition. A total of 49 patients with standard instrumentation and 31 patients with patient-specific instrumentation were retrospectively reviewed in a two-year period at one facility. At baseline, the groups were comparable with respect to age, ASA, BMI, and comorbid conditions. We analyzed data on operative time, blood loss, hemoglobin change, need for transfusion, pain medication use, length of stay, and discharge disposition. There was no statistically significant difference between groups in regards to these parameters. Patient-specific instrumentation in the setting of bilateral total knee arthroplasty did not provide any immediate perioperative benefit compared to conventional instrumentation.