Surgery Research and Practice / 2021 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Preoperative Predictors for 90-Day Mortality after Pancreaticoduodenectomy in Patients with Adenocarcinoma of the Ampulla of Vater: A Single-Centre Retrospective Cohort Study

Table 2

Operative and pathologic patient characteristics.

n = 101 (100%)

Intraoperative variables
Pancreas texture, count (%)
  Soft pancreas48 (47.5)
  Hard pancreas26 (25.7)
PJ type
  Modified dunking50 (49.5)
  Blumgart37 (36.6)
Classic duct-to-mucosa14 (13.9)
Operative time in min, median (IQR)370 (305–435)
Estimated blood loss in cc, median (IQR)300 (200–450)

Pathology findings
Tumour subtype
  Intestinal79 (78.2)
  Pancreatobiliary14 (13.9)
  Others8 (7.9)
Maximum diameter in cm, median (IQR)27.5 (18–40)
Lymph node invasion, count (%)41 (40.6)
Number of lymph nodes retrieved, median (IQR)17 (12–23)
Resection margin status
  R0100 (99)
  R11 (1)

Postoperative course
Hospitalization length of stay (days), median (IQR)12 (9–16)
Severe morbidity (≥IIIb), count (%)21 (20.8)
CR-POPF (ISGPS), count (%)
  Type B33 (33)
  Type C7 (7)
PPH (ISGPS A, B, and C), count (%)
  Type A5 (5)
  Type B18 (17.8)
  Type C10 (9.9)
Delayed gastric emptying (ISGPS A, B, and C), count (%)2 (2)
Postoperative death (90 days), count (%)11 (10.5)

Continuous data are expressed as median (range). Categorical data are expressed as count (%).