Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2011, Article ID 686797, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/686797
Review Article

Barriers of Thrombolysis Therapy in Developing Countries

1Neuroscience Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, P.O. Box: 91766-99199, Iran
2Department of Neurology, Ghaem Hospital, Ahmadabad Street, Mashhad, P.O. Box: 91766-99199, Iran

Received 18 December 2010; Revised 31 January 2011; Accepted 13 February 2011

Academic Editor: Bruce Ovbiagele

Copyright © 2011 Kavian Ghandehari. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. L. Feigin, “Stroke epidemiology in the developing world,” The Lancet, vol. 365, no. 9478, pp. 2160–2161, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. K. Ghandehari and Z. Izadi Mood, “The Khorasan stroke registry: results of a five-year hospital-based study,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 23, no. 2-3, pp. 132–139, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. N. Venketasubramanian, “Stroke in developing countries,” in Current Review of Cerebrovascular Disease, M. Fisher and J. Bogousslavsky, Eds., pp. 212–214, CM Publications, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2nd edition, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  4. K. Ghandehari and Z. Izadi Mood, “Cardioembolic strokes in Eastern Iran and the importance of rheumatic valvular disease,” Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 361–364, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K. Ghandehari and Z. Izadi Mood, “Incidence and etiology of ischemic stroke in Persian young adults,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 121–124, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  6. K. Hill and E. Lalor, “Clinical guidelines for stroke care: why the fuss and is there opportunity for collaboration?” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 173–174, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  7. J. D. Pandian, V. Padma, P. Vijaya, P. N. Sylaja, and J. M. K. Murthy, “Stroke and thrombolysis in developing countries,” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 17–26, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. R. F. Yu, M. C. San Jose, B. M. Manzanilla, M. Y. Oris, and R. Gan, “Sources and reasons for delays in the care of acute stroke patients,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 199, no. 1-2, pp. 49–54, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Brainin, Y. Teuschl, and L. Kalra, “Acute treatment and long-term management of stroke in developing countries,” Lancet Neurology, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 553–561, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. A. Ferris, R. M. Robertson, R. Fabunmi, and L. Mosca, “American heart association and american stroke association national survey of stroke risk awareness among women,” Circulation, vol. 111, no. 10, pp. 1321–1326, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  11. J. Pandian, G. Kalra, A. Jaison et al., “Knowledge of stroke among stroke patients and their relatives in Northwest India,” Neurology India, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 152–156, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. R. Massaro, “Stroke in Brazil: a South America perspective,” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 113–115, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  13. A. Nicoletti, V. Sofia, S. Giuffrida et al., “Prevalence of stroke: a door-to-door survey in rural Bolivia,” Stroke, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 882–885, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. Ghandehari, A. Pourzahed, M. Taheri et al., “Estimation of Iranian stroke patients eligible for intravenous thrombolysis with tPA,” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 4, no. 4, p. 236, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  15. K. Nandigam, S. K. Narayan, S. Elangovan, T. K. Dutta, K. R. Sethuraman, and A. K. Das, “Feasibility of acute thrombolytic therapy for stroke,” Neurology India, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 470–473, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Ghandehari, M. Foroughipour, A. Pourzadeh et al., “Thrombolysis in stroke patients: problems and limitations,” Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 35, pp. 145–148, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  17. United Nations, World Statistics Pocketbook, United Nations, New York, NY, USA, 2009.
  18. M. Wasay, H. Barohi, A. Malik, A. Yousuf, S. Awan, and A. K. Kamal, “Utilization and outcome of thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke in Pakistan,” Neurological Sciences, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 223–225, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  19. J. D. Pandian, V. Sethi, R. Dhillon et al., “Is intravenous thrombolysis feasible in a developing country?” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 134–136, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. L. A. Sposato, M. M. Esnaola, R. Zamora, M. C. Zurrú, O. Fustinoni, and G. Saposnik, “Quality of ischemic stroke care in emerging countries: the Argentinian National Stroke Registry (ReNACer),” Stroke, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 3036–3041, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  21. C. J. Estol and M. M. Esnaola Rojas, “Stroke in Argentina,” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 35–39, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  22. J. Mar, A. Arrospide, and M. Comas, “Budget impact analysis of thrombolysis for stroke in Spain: a discrete event simulation model,” Value in Health, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 69–76, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  23. Z. May, I. Kakuk, C. Ováry et al., “Thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke with intravenous recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator,” Orvosi Hetilap, vol. 143, no. 44, pp. 2479–2484, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Padma, M. Singh, R. Bhatia et al., “Hyperacute thrombolysis with IV rtPA of acute ischemic stroke: efficacy and safety profile of 54 patients at a tertiary referral center in a developing country,” Neurology India, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 46–49, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. Wei, X. Ji, H. Bai, and Y. Ding, “Stroke research in China,” Neurological Research, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 11–15, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  26. A. El Khamlichi, “African neurosurgery: current situation, priorities, and needs,” Neurosurgery, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 1344–1347, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. O. Kolapo, S. A. Ogun, M. A. Danesi, B. S. Osalusi, and K. A. Odusote, “Validation study of the Siriraj stroke score in African Nigerians and evaluation of the discriminant values of its parameters: a preliminary prospective CT scan study,” Stroke, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 1997–2000, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  28. G. Zenebe, M. Alemayehu, and J. Asmera, “Characteristics and outcomes of stroke at Tikur Anbessa Teaching Hospital, Ethiopia,” Ethiopian Medical Journal, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 251–259, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. de Villiers, S. Z. Kalula, and V. C. Burch, “Does multidisciplinary stroke care improve outcome in a secondary-level hospital in South Africa?” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 89–93, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  30. V. Padma, D. Soni, R. Bhatia, A. Srivastava, and M. Singh, “Thrombolysis in ischemic stroke: experience from a tertiary care hospital in India,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 238, pp. 428–429, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  31. N. C. Suwanwela, K. Phanthumchinda, and Y. Likitjaroen, “Thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke in Asia: the first prospective evaluation,” Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol. 108, no. 6, pp. 549–552, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  32. P. Huang, C. H. Chen, Y. H. Yang, R. T. Lin, F. C. Lin, and C. K. Liu, “Eligibility for recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in acute ischemic stroke: way to endeavor,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 22, no. 5-6, pp. 423–428, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  33. L. Sposato, “Retraso en la consulta en pacientescon accidents encefalovasculares,” Revista Neurológica Argentina, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 48–49, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  34. S. Ueshima and O. Matsuo, “The differences in thrombolytic effects of administrated recombinant t-PA between Japanese and Caucasians,” Thrombosis and Haemostasis, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 544–546, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. V. Hachinski, G. A. Donnan, P. B. Gorelick et al., “Stroke working toward a prioritized world agenda,” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 254–256, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  36. S. Muengtaweepongsa, P. Dharmasaroja, and U. Kummark, “Outcomes of intravenous thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke with an integrated acute stroke referral network: initial experience of a community-based hospital in a developing country,” The Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 3, p. 17, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  37. A. Kobayashi, M. Skowronska, T. Litwin, and A. Czlonkowska, “Lack of experience of intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke does not influence the proportion of patients treated,” Emergency Medicine Journal, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 96–99, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus